Shoulder pain can be a common problem for people of all ages. It can be caused by a fall, sports, overuse, or a traumatic event. Pain in the shoulder can be decreased with physical therapy if no severe structural damage has occurred.
As physical therapists, we are trained to test the many structures of the shoulder to determine the exact cause of shoulder pain. There are many different factors that contribute to shoulder pain. Many nerves, muscles, ligaments and tendons are grouped together in very small spaces, as well as the joint itself being the cause of many issues.
The shoulder is what is called a ball and socket joint; however, the socket structure is very small in size and causes the shoulder to be more prone to injury. The 4 muscles of the rotator cuff is what helps move the arm, as well as keep the ball more securely in the socket. By strengthening these little muscles throughout the course of therapy it will allow most physical therapists to improve mobility and function.